How to Market Your Business During Tough Economic Times

How to market during tough economic times
26 May 2015

Marketing your small business during recessions or tough times needs a different approach. Here’s how to market now.

While the politicians debate about the words to describe our economy, the reality for most people and small businesses is that things are tough. As a result, people are changing their buying behaviour and many small businesses are hurting.

The Psychology of Threat

Psychologically, during periods of threat, people circle the wagons, bring their attention closer to home and home events, and focus more on the family, repelling outsiders.

During tough times, people spend on things to beautify their home, build their family, and invest in the future. They save their money for a rainy day, and use windfalls, such as tax refunds, to pay down debt rather than fritter away on consumer items.

These are all trends that businesses need to understand and reflect in their marketing during tough times. Remember, money is still being spent … it is just being spent differently.

threats or opportunities
Small Business – Opportunity or Threat?

Let’s start with two stories from two different service based businesses.

“The second the economy tanked all my clients stopped. I haven’t had any new clients all this week. Business is a shocker – if it keeps up, I don’t know what I will do. I will have to stop my marketing as I need to cut costs.”

“The economic downturn has been the best thing for my business ever. I have so many new opportunities – people need me more than ever to help them find their business edge. I will have to tweak all of my marketing to help people feel confident again – can we revamp the lot and get it out there yesterday?”

Similar industries – same issue – very different outlooks.

During tough times, the worst thing you can do is to reduce your marketing efforts. This tells people you are giving up and you don’t think your product or service is really worth the price you are asking for it.

If you are confident in the value you offer, economic downturns can be where the seeds of prosperity and success are sown. Most of the world’s biggest companies started their success from the Depression.

The Recession We Had to Have

Even recessions are not a barrier to success. McKinsey & Company researched past recessions and came up with some interesting data. Of the companies that came out strongest – 83% increased their investment in their people during recession, while for those that came out weaker, only 21% increased their investment in their people. What does that mean? Well – if you were a betting person you would look at the odds and reckon there was a better chance to thrive and grow if you invested in your team than if you didn’t.

They also found that companies that did better in down economies outdid their peers on capital expenditure, research and development, hiring great staff and buying assets as well as acquiring competitors businesses.

The twist is the successful companies did all of these things with a strategic end in mind. They didn’t just repeat what they had done before – they looked at their new realities as well as things they could reasonably forsee and took a strategic view of investing their resources.

Many businesses read the list of what to do and then just throw money at it. Smart businesses look at the list of what to do and then stop to work out what will work best for them, in their industry, with their conditions, with their organisational culture and their leadership team.

10 Things to Remember When Marketing During Tough Times

1. Build your trustworthiness

In tough times, you need to increase your credibility before people will trust you enough to spend with you.

You need to be inside the wagons, not outside. This means you need to increase your social proof that you are trustworthy and have a great product.

This is the time to go back and get all of those testimonials you have been meaning to get. Include testimonials on your website and your marketing material to ensure people know you have a proven successful track record.

 2. Put your face to your marketing

When the economy is stagnant, people want more than ever to know and trust the person they will work with. Get out there, meet people, and form strong business relationships with them. Don’t hide away in your office. Be active on social media and personally demonstrate your expertise. 

3. Demonstrate massive value for money

During tough times, people need a strong reason to spend their money. They need a bigger emotional “why,” backed up by logical reasons as to how this purchase supports their values or needs. If your sales are sluggish, you are not demonstrating enough potential value to customers.

demonstrate value for money

Start by reviewing your marketing copy and graphic design to ensure you are articulating the true value that you add to clients.

Then think about add-on products or services with a low cost to you, but have a high perceived value. Include discount coupons, or share coupons and offers with other related businesses to yours in your local area.

Ask your clients:

  • what value they believe you added to their business and
  • what other goods or services they would have liked to see you add.

Often your clients will give you your best clues in terms of things you did that they felt added value to their business – things you didn’t realise were important. They will also give you great ideas for bonuses and add-on services – if you ask them. 

4. Test everything

The old ways are no longer working for many businesses. You do need to monitor your statistics for each campaign – if a brochure, flyer or ad isn’t getting you the results you were looking for then adjust it and explore different strategies such as ads on social media rather than traditional print media spending. You still should be getting a strong return on investment for each campaign. Even during tough times, campaigns need to show a ROI

5. Dust off your database

Your previous clients all know your services and offerings. Make sure you go back and touch base with all previous clients (even the ones you haven’t spoken with in some time). These people are more willing to buy from you than new customers – so treat them like gold and with great respect. 

6. Revisit your guarantee

You need strong guarantees for your goods or services. When marketing during tough times you may want to strengthen your guarantee. Instead of 30-day money back guarantee make it a 90-day or 120-day money back guarantee. 

7. Don’t scrimp on good graphic design and printing

It’s very tempting to DIY using Vistaprint or running your own brochures up. Professional graphic design is just that – professional! It looks great and gives you a professional brand and image. Don’t cut corners with your design and printing – this is false economy. 

8. Stay positive

If you think the sky will fall – it will. If you think you will be successful – you will be. Find positive, empowered people and hang out with them. Don’t stay too long with naysayers, as they will drag you down into their dark space.

This also means don’t cut your prices in a vain attempt to stay afloat as that sends the message that you are desperate. You need to correctly value your goods and services otherwise you will send yourself broke not being able to cover your costs. 

9. Boost your communication

This is the time to increase your communication to customers – not reduce it. Keep it informative, credible, and up beat. Don’t get tempted to fall into doom and gloom for your headlines or marketing messages. 

10. Adjust your website

People will spend more time researching in this market before investing or buying. Make sure your website is information rich, is mobile friendly, has been optimised for search engines, and is easy to navigate. If your website is dated, then it is time for a refresh!

storm in a teacup
Hopefully Just a Storm in a Teacup

For most businesses, tough economic times are just a storm in a teacup. Yes, you may have the odd spilled drop of tea, but as a whole, there is no reason your business can’t survive and thrive no matter the economy.

About the Author

Ingrid Moyle

Ingrid Moyle (BA - Psych/Industrial Relations) is the Chief Web Wizard at Heart Harmony Communications. A self-confessed multipotentialite, Ingrid shamelessly blends her passions of human resources, psychology, web design and copywriting. When not hardwired to her computer, she quests for the perfect coffee while chasing virtual reality creatures across the backstreets of Brisbane.
Bowler hat with lightbulb.

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